An Introduction to Economic Zones and Industrial Parks in Qingdao

Date: 2016-01-14, Source: , Total Visits :

Qingdao Economic & Technological Development Zone

Qingdao Economic & Technological Development Zone, approved by the State Council in October 1984, lies on the West Coast of the Jiaozhou Bay. It consists of a national bonded area and new technology pilot industrial development zone, the Phoenix Island Tourist Resort, Qingdao West Coast Export Processing Zone, Qianwan Bonded Port and Sino-German Eco Park. Among all Chinese national development zones, Qingdao Economic & Technological Development Zone is home to the most universities and colleges, including Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao campus of China University of Petroleum and six other universities. Three national new industrialization demonstration bases in household electric appliance, shipbuilding and oceanography engineering, software and information service as well as a national ship export base have been established in the zone. It is also an important safe and environment-friendly petrochemical base and the largest household electric appliance and minicar manufacturing base in North China. It has been ranked among the top 5 national development zones by comprehensive development evaluation for nine consecutive years.

Qingdao Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone

Qingdao Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone is one of the first national hi-tech zones established with the approval of the State Council. The zone follows a path of hi-tech, pollution free, low energy consumption and distinct industries, and spares no efforts to form the “1+3” industrial system. The Development Zone gives priority to the development of software and information service industry while speeding up the development of high-end equipment manufacturing, marine biomedicine and scientific and technological services industry. It has been rewarded the title of “Economic Zone with the Greatest Investment Potential in China”.

Qingdao Qianwan Bonded Port

Qingdao Qianwan Bonded Port was established with the approval by the State Council in November 1992 and started operations in March 1993. It is a special economic zone that falls within the border yet outside customs, follows international conventions, and enjoys the preferential policies of “bonded, tax-free and certificate-free”. The area functions as international logistics, procurement, exhibition, trade, export processing and bonded warehousing centers. As China’s second pilot “Area-Port Integration”site, after Shanghai Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, the area has attracted more than 5,000 companies from over 40 countries to make investment and develop business here, including 38 companies of Fortune 500.

In September 2008, approved by the State Council, Qingdao Qianwan Bonded Port Area became the first bonded port area in China that was established by integrating and upgrading the Free Trade Port Area and Bonded Logistics Park with the guidelines of “functional integration and policy superposition”. Hence the “Qingdao Model” was also established, featuring the integration and upgrade of Area (Free Trade Port Area), Park (Bonded Logistics Park) and Port (proximity to ports). It was listed by the General Administration of Customs as one of the first batch of pilot free trade port areas. In 2012, the area was granted the qualification of importing finished automobiles.

Dongjiakou Port of Qingdao Port

Located at the southern part of Qingdao, Dongjiakou Port borders Rizhao City. It is an important part of Qingdao Port (a national hub). The average depth of the natural coastal waters of Dongjiakou Port is -15 meters, and extending to 1000 meters offshore, the water can be as deep as -20 meters. The planned port area covers 72 square kilometers, while the port industrial zone covers 65 square kilometers. The length of the port’s coastline is about 23 kilometers with 112 berths. The total throughput will reach 370 million tons upon completion. As a key component project in the port area, a 300,000- ton ore dock, has been completed. Within 3 to 5 years, the 20-square kilometers launch area will be put into operation first.

Qingdao Export Processing Zone

Approved by the State Council in March 2003, Qingdao Export Processing Zone officially went into operation in August 2004. As one of the third batch of export processing zones approved by the State Council, it has a planned area of 12.9 square kilometers, of which the functional area covers 2.8 square kilometers. Qingdao Export Processing Zone boasts a very complete and convenient traffic system: with a distance of 36 kilometers from Qingdao Qianwan Bonded Port, 33 kilometers from Qingdao Port, 19 kilometers from Qingdao Liuting International Airport and 10 kilometers from the new Jiaodong International Airport. Qingdao Export Processing Zone will make efforts to achieve the transition from an export processing zone to a comprehensive bonded port, and transition from a pure bonded processing industrial structure to synchronous development of bonded logistics and bonded services. In the mean time, Qingdao Export Processing Zone will upgrade and rebuild three traditional dominant industries, namely electronic information, precision machinery and new materials. Efforts will be concentrated on developing the Zone into an international bonded logistics testing center, a cross-border financial lease business center, an imported commodity bonded exhibition transaction center, a sport culture and ecological leisure center. Besides, the Zone is actively constructing itself as a foreign trade demonstration area in the new urban area of Northern Jiaozhou Bay, a supporting economic area around the airport, and an ecological livable commercial and residential area.

Qingdao West Coast Export Processing Zone

           In May 2006, the State Council formally approved the establishment of Qingdao West Coast National Export Processing Zone, which was set up within the Qingdao Economic and Technological Development Zone. With a planning area of two square kilometers, the zone is adjacent to Qingdao Port, with Jiaozhou Bay Expressway Ring and Jiaoji Railway running though. Export-oriented electronic information, precision machinery, fine chemical, new material, bio-pharmaceutical and other hi-tech industries are the key industries of the zone.

Qingdao Software Park

          Qingdao Software Park is a National Torch Plan software base and a National Demonstration Base for Software Export to Europe and America. The park enjoys an Internet bandwidth of 10,000 M in the park, 1,000 M in each office building and 100 M on each computer; and it has built a digital animation support platform and the first integrated circuit design platform in Shandong province. The park cooperates with such renowned universities as Peking University and Tongji University on Software Engineering Master programs, and has built outsourcing talent field training bases for IBM and Alps. In addition, the park established an investment guarantee company and a financing guarantee platform. So far, the park has attracted over 400 domestic and foreign businesses, including Microsoft and IBM, and over 5,000 software research and development personnel.

National Software and Information Technology Service Industry Demonstration Base (Qingdao)

  In 2012, Qingdao was recognized by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology as one of the first batch of National Software and Information Technology Service Industry Demonstration Bases. The layout of software industry development is implemented on the basis of “East Park, West Valley and North Town”, namely, a new software industry arrangement including National (Qingdao) Communication Industrial Park (East Park), Qingdao Information Valley (West Valley), and Qingdao Software Town (North Town). The North Town will play as the core area for the city’s software industry development, while the East Park and West Valley will act as main supporting areas. Besides, Shinan Software Park, Haier Information Industry Park and Hisense Software Park will be the base parks. Embedded software, industrial software and industry solution, basic software are the priority areas, while the development of information service industry and high-end service outsourcing are to be accelerated. New information technology services such as Internet of Things, Cloud Computing, E-commerce will be cultivated in priority.

Qingdao Pilot Zone for Cross-Strait Agricultural Cooperation

    Qingdao Pilot Zone for Cross-Strait Agricultural Cooperation was established in March 1999 with the approval of the Ministry of Commerce (the former Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation), Ministry of Agriculture and Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council, with a planned area of 3,176 square kilometers, which covered the entire Pingdu City. Pingdu ranks among China’s top 100 cities in the production of grains, oil, meat and fruit. It is the “Town of Grape in China”, “Town of Peanut in China”, “Town of Ginger in China” and “Town of Cattle in China”.

Sino-German Eco Park

         The Sino-German Eco Park is a strategic cooperative project between the Chinese and German governments. In July 2010, the Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Support for the Establishment of the Sino-German Eco-park was signed by the Ministry of Commerce of China and German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, confirming the joint cooperation in building the Sino-Germany Eco-park in the Qingdao Economic and Technological Development Zone. In December 2011, the park’s foundation was officially laid. With a planned area of 11.58 square kilometers, the Park is a part of the Shandong Peninsula Blue Economy Zone Plan approved by the State Council. By centering on the eco-development philosophy of “Formulating and applying ecological criteria, incubating and developing low-carbon industries, constructing and promoting green cities”, the Park is to be built into a function-versatile, low-carbon, eco-friendly, commerce-feasible, livable and sustainable international cooperation park focusing on high-end manufacturing, supported by modern living service industries including eco-friendly residence and business on the basis of nature and ecology.

Jiaozhou Economic Technological Development Zone

       Jiaozhou Economic Technological Development Zone was upgraded to be a National Economic and Technological Development Zone with the approval of the State Council in December 2012. It boasts a launch area of 36.7 square kilometers, a core area of 102 square kilometers and an expanded area of 697.7 square kilometers. With the functional orientation of “six-regions and five centers”, the Zone will be developed into an advanced marine-related manufacturing base of Shandong Peninsula. The target of 2016 is to achieve an output value of 160 billion yuan from the advanced manufacturing industry.

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