Qingdao, on the west shore of the Pacific and
the coast of the Yellow Sea, lies in the south of Shandong Peninsula (at
35.35’N-37.09’N and 119.30’E-121.00’E). It faces the Republic of Korea and
Japan across the sea in the east.
Qingdao currently has six districts including
Shinan, Shibei, Licang, Laoshan, Huangdao and Chengyang, and four county-level
cities of Jimo, Jiaozhou, Pingdu and Laixi.
Qingdao has a total land area of 11,282 square
kilometers, and a maritime area of 12,200 square kilometers, including 1471
square kilometers of urban area.
Qingdao has a total permanent resident
population of 9 million and 46 thousand, including a permanent urban resident
population of 4 million and 875.9 thousand.
A coastal and hilly city, Qingdao has twisted
coastline dotted with capes and bays. Jiaolai Plain lies in the middle of the
city, with Laoshan standing on its east, Dazhushan, Xiaozhushan and Tiejueshan
on its west, and Dazeshan on its north. There are three waters, and Dazeshan on
its north. There are three water systems including Dagu River, North Jiaolai
River and coastal rivers. The city is embraced by three bay clusters including
Jiaozhou Bay, Aoshan Bay and Lingshan Bay, with the coastline measuring 863
kilometers long, which covers one-fourth of the total coastline of Shandong
Province. Qingdao has 49 bays and 69 islands. Qingdao is also the national
leveling origin of 0 meter above sea level.
Qingdao has a temperate monsoon climate with
distinctive characteristics of marine climate. The city is endowed with neither
very hot summer nor cold winter. The average annual rainfall is 580.8mm, with
the average temperature in summer is 24℃ and up 0℃ in winter.
City Tree and Flowers
The city tree of Qingdao is cedar, and the
city flowers are honeysuckle and rosa chinensis.